Violence against women” is understood as a violation of human rights and a form of discrimination against women and shall mean all acts of gender‐based violence that result in, or are likely to result in, physical, sexual, psychological or economic harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life
Types of GBV
- Sexual Abuse. Sexual abuse refers to any action that pressures or coerces someone to do something sexually they don’t want to do. It can also refer to behaviour that impacts a person’s ability to control their sexual activity or the circumstances in which sexual activity occurs, including oral sex, rape or restricting access to birth control and condoms.
- Physical abuse: Threats to commit, or acts liable to result in physical abuse, eg slapping, stabbing, burning, including traditional practices harmful to health and wellbeing.
- Psychological abuse: making a person feel constantly unhappy, miserable, humiliated, afraid, ridiculed, jittery, depressed, inadequate or worthless.
- Economic abuse: denial of funds, food and basic needs, refusal to contribute financially, denial of access to healthcare and employment.
- Degrading acts: physically, psychologically, economically or emotionally.
According to National Demographic Health Survey 2015 report, 25.8% (305,335)women have experienced physical Violence,6.6 (82,843) women have experience Sexual Violence while72.3% went through Female Genital Mutilation in Ekiti State.
Problem statement: Absence of GBV Management Committee makes implementation of the Ekiti State Gender Based Violence Prohibition Law difficult. Women across the State are often the victims of Gender Based Violence, a situation which is fuelled by absence of citizen’s awareness of their rights and obligations.
Justification: The Constitution of Federal Republic of Nigeria (Chapter 4 Section 34) prohibits degrading and inhuman treatment against any person. The Gender Based Violence Law Ekiti State 2011 also negates any act of violence against any person on the basis of their sex. On this background, it should be noted that Mr. Governor also signed a PACT with Ekiti Women that his Government will establish an effective implementation plan for GBV prohibition law. Hence, this advocacy for full implementation of the content of the law